Mr. Alejandro Morales purchased land without cultivation in 1963. At that time the only way to get to the farm was on foot or horseback. In 1982, the son of Don Alejandro, Milton Fredy Morales began to work the land, turning it into a small coffee farm.
With this new administration managed to acquire a water source, which is conducted from a remote location, about 5 kilometers.
It also managed to build a road for vehicles, which is passable at all times. Another achievement that meant a lot of sacrifice because of the topography of the land, was the construction of facilities to benefit the coffee.
The farm is located in Rosma geographical coordinates: 15 ° 33'48 .78 "north latitude and 91 ° 46'16 .94" W, in the jurisdiction of the village Buena Vista, Michicoy village, municipality of San Pedro Necta, department of Huehuetenango, Guatemala, Central America. To reach the farm, take the Interamerican Highway that leads from the capital of Guatemala to the border with Mexico, arriving at kilometer 314, in the place called El Boqueron, take a dirt road to the village Buena Vista.
The climate of the region in which the farm is located is mild with pleasant conditions. The temperature ranges from 14-28 degrees Celsius and the annual rainfall is about 1800 mm in a year with a dry season from December to May. The topography of the property is fully rugged, with marked slopes, because it is located in the mountainous region of the Sierra de los Cuchumatan. The height range is from 1.500 to 1.900 meters above sea level.
Coffee plantations are relatively young, since they were established from 1982. Cultivated varieties are Catuaí, Caturra and Bourbon. The plantation management is conventional, but due to agro-climatic conditions of the region, no synthetic pesticides are used to control pests. The use of chemical fertilizer is moderate and its application due to soil studies and appropriate technical recommendations.
To conserve soil and biodiversity on the farm, plantations are maintained with vegetation cover consists of native trees that shade and act as a source of production of organic matter, which enriches the soil. Upon reaching the harvest season, which occurs between January and April, ripe beans are harvested manually for further processing.
Currently, the farm will produce 235 sacks of 69 kg bags coffee SHB Some features of our coffee are: ... good body, acidity and citrus complexity has been used on several occasions to promote Anacafé Huehue Rosma Highland Region is located in San Pedro Necta, Huehuetenango, 300 km from Guatemala City, towards the border with México.Rosma was founded by its owner Dr. Fredy Morales Merida, who inherited the land from his father, Mr. Alejandro Morales Herrera.
Dr. Morales Mérida, on its own initiative, began farming and land management 20 years ago. One of his greatest achievements was the construction of its own way, which not only gave the farm better access, and neighbors too. Another achievement was the acquisition of a natural spring, about 5 km from the plantation, which facilitated and improved irrigation. Both of these achievements are necessary foundations for successful planting. Because of the topography, it was difficult and took a lot of work to build the necessary coffee production facilities, one of them is a coffee mill. Therefore, the coffee grinder has become a highlight of the property. The coffee plantation starts at 1500-1900 meters above sea level. The precipitation is 1800 ml. per year and the beginning of dry season from December to May.
The temperature varies from 14 to 28 º C. The plantation is relatively new. The first were dirty in 1982. Cultivated varieties are Catuaí Caturra and Bourbon. The topography is typical of the Sierra de Los Cuchumatanes, with great dignity, but also a difficult slope, as well as many pendants. However, this natural topography also poses difficulties that make it difficult cultivation and transportation, among other things.
"Finca Rosma" has been classified as a sustainable coffee farm, caring for two basic criteria. Environmental and social responsibility offer houses, schools and medical care to the employees of the farm. To conserve soil and biodiversity of the plantation is grown in the shade. This is beneficial for the plantation, native forest and wildlife.
To process the coffee wet mill uses eco. Acquisition of a superior quality coffee mill, because of their cascading efficient water washing system controlling surplus water in the wet milling process set to reducing contamination of wastewater through stacks decanting, this helps to preserve the natural environment of the farm.